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Equipment

Steam Reformers

  • Topsoe Autothermal reformer
    Equipment

    Air-fired Secondary Reformer

    The air-fired secondary reformer is essential in natural gas-based ammonia plants as it is the simplest way of introducing the nitrogen required for ammonia synthesis. Unlike the upstream tubular primary reformer, the secondary reformer is adiabatic, and the operating conditions are more severe...
  • Ekstroem
    Equipment

    Convection Reformer HTCR

    The Haldor Topsoe Convection Reformer, HTCR is based on the convection principle which allows for the design of very compact and efficient reformers. This HTCR concept is industrially proven and is operating successfully in several hydrogen plants worldwide. Typical Applications for HTCR Hydrogen...
  • HTER Haldor Topsoe Heat Exchange Reformer
    Equipment

    Heat Exchange Reformer (HTER)

    The introduction of gas heated reforming for synthesis gas production will enable you to effectively utilize the valuable heat in the reformer effluent to create more reforming capacity. The Topsoe HTER can be used in combination with an autothermal reformer (ATR), with a tubular reformer (SMR), or...
  • Topsoe Autothermal reformer
    Equipment

    Oxygen-fired Secondary Reformer

    In large-scale methanol plants, each added day of operation is worth as much as a million euros. Plant reliability and availability are of utmost importance. Meeting these needs requires continuous equipment development and process optimization. One of the important pieces of equipment used in the...
  • SynCOR™ - Autothermal Reformer (ATR)
    Equipment

    SynCOR™ - Autothermal Reformer (ATR)

    Autothermal reforming at low steam-to-carbon ratio The majority of the world’s syngas-producing plants apply steam methane reforming, with the specific type of reforming technology depending on application and operating conditions. Topsoe offers several types of reforming technologies and has...
  • Topsoe Autothermal reformer
    Equipment

    Topsoe Bayonet Reformer (TBR)

    The Topsoe Bayonet Reformer TBR combines the novel properties of convection and radiant heat transfer in one steam reformer. The development and introduction of the TBR is a result of Topsoe’s continuous striving towards more energy efficient ways of producing hydrogen by steam reforming of...
  • Topsoe Autothermal reformer
    Equipment

    Tubular radiant wall steam reformer

    The radiant wall steam reformer consists of a number of catalyst tubes in a single line in one or two fired boxes with burners placed at the walls at several elevations. The burner flames are directed backwards against the furnace wall, eliminating any risk of flame impingement of the catalyst...

Burners

  • Equipment

    LADP burner™ for secondary reformers

    The LADP burner™ is a new generation of secondary reformer burners and provide our customers in the ammonia industry optimized performance in their plants and improved business economics. This new burner gives a perfectly homogeneous admission of the process air and ensures a gas mixture which is...
  • CTS™ burner - autothermal reformer
    Equipment

    SynCOR™ CTS™ burner

    The CTS™ (Cool Tip Swirl) burner is a crucial piece of equipment, and its importance in reformer reliability and availability cannot be underestimated. Good burner performance is characterized by: Short and centralized flame Low metal temperatures on burner nozzles Soot-free operation Easy...

Boilers

  • Equipment

    Waste Heat Boiler (Ammonia Loop)

    The recovery of heat from the synthesis gas exiting an ammonia converter gives specific challenges due to the high pressures and the high hydrogen and ammonia contents. The gas cooling and heat recovery are best taken care of in a loop boiler and the design of this boiler must address the special...
  • Equipment

    Waste Heat Boiler (SNG)

    The heat released in the methanation steps in the substitute natural gas (SNG) plants are recovered by high-pressure steam production in a number of waste heat boilers (WHB). The steam is further superheated in Steam Superheaters (SSH) to support utilization in steam turbines. The WHB for SNG is...
  • Equipment

    Waste Heat Boiler (Syngas)

    The process gas waste heat boiler (WHB) is a critical piece of equipment cooling the hot synthesis gas exiting an ATR, a secondary reformer, or an SMR. The heat from the process gas is utilized to generate high pressure and high-quality steam for the process and to drive turbines. Depending on the...

Reactors

  • Equipment

    Boiling Water Reactor

    The boiling water reactor is also often abbreviated as BWR. It is typically used for methanol synthesis, but it can also be used for other exothermic reactions, such as methanation or water-gas shift. A boiling water reactor contains a tube bundle which typically consists of several thousands of...
  • Equipment

    Catalytic Oxidation Reactor

    The catalytic incinerator ensures that the combustible compounds CO, CH3OH, HCHO and DME are burned with the oxygen present in the tail gas to reduce emissions to meet any environmental requirements i.e. EPA or TA Luft.
  • Equipment

    Formaldehyde Reactor

    Optimized reactor dimensions to ensure optimal conversion with a minimal pressure drop and by-product formation. This results in excellent yields of formaldehyde from the methanol feed.
  • Equipment

    Formaldehyde Series-Reactor

    The Haldor Topsoe series reactor has been in operation for over 20 years and is a proven way to boost the capacity of plants by up to 80%. The series reactor configuration means that a significant boost to production can be obtained while maintaining the same gas flow through the plant.

Reactor Internals

  • Bottom Support Grid
    Equipment

    Adiabatic Reactor Bottom Support Grid

    Increase your profitability with Topsoe’s support grid to obtain a lower pressure drop in your adiabatic reactors such as the high, medium, low-temperature shift or the methanator. Achieve a pressure drop which is up to 50% lower. Worldwide, more than 20 reactors already have this technology...
  • Ammonia converter
    Equipment

    Ammonia Converter Baskets S-200

    Topsoe S-200 converter Topsoe was the first technology licensor to introduce the multibed radial flow converter design, thereby improving conversion per pass compared to known technology. The Topsoe S-200 ammonia synthesis converter is a two-bed radial flow converter with indirect cooling between...
  • Ammonia converter
    Equipment

    Ammonia Converter Baskets S-300

    Topsoe S-300 converter Topsoe’s S-300 converter is the latest development in Topsoe’s ammonia converter portfolio and is the recommended converter design for all new plants. The advantages of the S-300 radial flow converter are proven by more than 50 installations world - wide, making it the...
  • Ammonia converter
    Equipment

    Ammonia Converter Baskets S-50

    Topsoe S-50 converter The Topsoe S-50 converter is a single bed radial flow converter, which is added downstream of the main converter in series to increase ammonia conversion. The S-50 converter is designed in two versions: a hot shell and a cold shell version. The hot shell version This design...
  • Catalyst bed support structure
    Equipment

    Catalyst bed support structure

    The catalyst bed support in the SynCOR™ unit serves both as structural support for the catalyst bed and as an outlet flow distributor guiding the syngas from the catalyst bed into the transfer line to the waste heat recovery system downstream the reformer.
  • Topsoe Catalyst Support
    Equipment

    Catalyst Support

    Our Catalyst Support is designed to support the combined weight of the catalyst, support material and oil.
  • Equipment

    Collect-Mix-Distribute System

    Topsoe’s Collect-Mix-Distribute system ensures efficient addition of quench between adiabatic catalytic beds. The CMD system Collects the effluent gas from the upstream catalyst bed, Mixes it with the quench gas, and then Distributes the mixed gas across the downstream catalyst bed. The improved...
  • Topsoe Vapor Lift Distributor Tray (VLT)
    Equipment

    Distributor Tray

    Our Vapor Lift Distributor Tray (VLT) ensures uniform distribution of liquid and gas over the entire cross section area of the catalyst bed.
  • Topsoe Inlet diffuser
    Equipment

    Inlet Diffuser

    Our Inlet Diffusers are optimized and customized for every unit, taking into account all your reactor flow parameters and reactor geometry.
  • Topsoe Outlet Collector
    Equipment

    Outlet Collector

    Our Outlet Collector ensures even flow distribution in the bottom bed to maximize catalyst utilization and prevents bed migration to downstream piping and equipment.
  • Topsoe Compression Ring Quench Mixer
    Equipment

    Quench Mixer

    Our Quench Mixer ensures efficient mixing of catalyst bed effluents from both above and from the cold quench stream.
  • Topsoe Redistribution Tray
    Equipment

    Redistribution Tray

    Our Redistribution Tray ensures uniform redistribution of the mixer effluents to the catalyst bed below.
  • Topsoe Liquid Phase Scale Catcher
    Equipment

    Scale Catcher

    Our Scale Catching technology is a proven and economically feasible solution to delay pressure drop development and significantly increase unit utilization.

Other

  • Equipment

    Formaldehyde Absorber

    Each formaldehyde absorber is tailored to specific customer needs and can be designed for AF37-55 as well as production of UFC85 if required. The absorber ensure minimal pressure drop and optimal product quality.
  • HTZR™ target tiles
    Equipment

    HTZR™ target tiles

    Topsoe’s SynCOR™ unit incorporates a floor of zirconium-based ceramic target tiles, HTZR™, as an integral part of the reactor design. The purpose of the HTZR™ target tiles is to: Act as the partition between the combustion chamber and the catalyst bed Protect the catalyst from any direct impact...
  • Equipment

    Integrated Sulfuric Acid Concentrator (ISAC)

    The ISAC is a small, packed column placed underneath the WSA condensers in WSA and SNOX™ plants. The purpose is to boost the acid concentration from what can be produced in the WSA condenser, e.g. 98%, to e.g. 98.5%. For special applications of sulfuric acid, a very high acid concentration is...
  • Reactor refractory lining
    Equipment

    Reactor refractory lining

    The SynCOR™ pressure shell is manufactured from low-alloy steel. It is protected against the extremely harsh operating conditions in the combustion chamber by an internal lining of a multi-layer refractory. The lining is exposed to extremely high temperature and radiation intensity from the...
  • Equipment

    Sulfur Oxides Low VElocity filter (SOLVE)

    The SOLVE filter is a special acid mist filter with an injection of hydrogen peroxide solution that oxidizes residual SO2 to SO3. The SO3 then immediately reacts with water vapor in the gas to form sulfuric acid that is captured in the low-velocity mist filter. SOLVE filters are supplied only in...
  • Equipment

    Sulfuric Acid Condenser

    The WSA condenser in WSA and SNOX™ plants cools the process gas with atmospheric air, typically from 280°C to 100°C. This first makes the SO3 in the process gas react with water vapor to form the sulfuric acid vapor, and secondly, the sulfuric acid vapor condenses to form the sulfuric acid liquid...
  • Equipment

    Sulfuric Acid Cooling System

    The acid cooling system of WSA and SNOX™ The acid cooling system of WSA and SNOX™ plants performs a two-step cooling of the hot product sulfuric acid from the WSA condenser. First, the hot acid is quenched with cold acid, before going to a pump reservoir. Then the acid is pumped through the acid...
  • TFM
    Equipment

    Topsoe Furnace Manager TFM

    How often do you physically examine your furnace? Wouldn't it be helpful to have access to an up-to-date tube wall temperature and a picture of every burner whenever you need it, from the safety of your control room? Well now you can, thanks to Topsoe Furnace Manager. On-line monitoring will...

Equipment

  • Methanol decomposition reactor
    Equipment

    Methanol decomposition reactor

    The methanol decomposition reactor typically contains a tube bundle with a couple of dozens to a few thousand tubes. The catalyst is loaded into the tubes which are heated from the shell side by a heat transfer fluid – typically oil. Topsoe has designed methanol decomposition reactors for more than...